REPORTING ON VIOLENCE

Resources

RESEARCHERS

 

 

In the last few years, several universities and schools of public health have begun researching various aspects of violence from a public health perspective. Key contacts and recent study titles follow.

HANDGUNS

Violence Prevention Research Program
Garen J. Wintemute, MD, MPH, Director, University of California, Davis, 2315 Stockton Blvd., Sacramento, CA 95817, 916.734.3083, fax: 916.734.3063, e-mail: gjwintemute@ucdavis.edu, Violence Prevention Research Program

The Violence Prevention Research Program addresses the causes, nature and prevention of violence.

Wintemute, G. J. "The relationship between firearm design and firearm violence. Handguns in the 1990s." Journal of the American Medical Association 275, no. 22 (June 1996): 1,749-53.
Wintemute, G. J. Ring of fire: the handgun makers of Southern California: a report from the Violence Prevention Research Program (Sacramento: The Violence Prevention Research Program, 1994).

Johns Hopkins Center for Gun Policy and Research
Stephen P. Teret, JD, MPH, Director, Johns Hopkins University School of Hygiene and Public Health, 624 N. Broadway, Baltimore, MD 21205, 410.955.3995, fax: 410.614.9055, e-mail: steret@phnet.sph.jhu.edu, Johns Hopkins Center for Gun Policy and Research
or
Jon S. Vernick, JD, MPH, Associate Director, Johns Hopkins University School of Hygiene and Public Health, 624 N. Broadway, Baltimore, MD 21205, 410.955.7982. fax: 410.614.9055, e-mail: jvernick@phnet.sph.jhu.edu, Johns Hopkins Center for Gun Policy and Research

Established in 1995 with funding from the Joyce Foundation of Chicago, the Johns Hopkins Center for Gun Policy and Research provides information on firearm injuries and gun policy; develops, analyzes and evaluates strategies to prevent firearm injuries; and conducts public health and legal research to identify gun policy needs.

Vernick, J. S., Teret, S. P., Howard, K. A., Teret, M. D., Wintemute, G. J. "Public opinion polling on gun policy." Health Affairs 12, no. 4 (Winter 1993): 198-208.

Teret, S. P., Wintemute, G. J. "Policies to prevent firearm injuries." Health Affairs 12, no. 4 (Winter 1993): 96-108.

Emory Center for Injury Control
Arthur Kellermann, MD, MPH, Director, 1518 Clifton Rd. NE, Atlanta, GA 30322, 404.727.9977, fax: 404.727.8744, e-mail: kellerma@sph.emory.edu, Emory Center for Injury Control

The Emory Center for Injury Control, a collaboration of Emory's schools of Public Health and Medicine, is involved in research, community service and education, with emphasis on prevention and control.

Kellermann, A. L., Rivara, F. P., Lee, R. K., Banton, J. G., Cummings, P., Hackman, B. B., Somes, G. "Injuries due to firearms in three cities." New England Journal of Medicine 335, no. 19 (November 1996): 1,438-44.

Kellermann, A. L., Rivara, F. P., Somes, G., Reay, D. T., et al. "Suicide in the home in relation to gun ownership." New England Journal of Medicine 327, no. 7 (August 1992): 467-72. For a variety of responses to this article, see New England Journal of Medicine 327, no. 26 (December 1992).

ALCOHOL

Prevention Research Center
Maria L. Alaniz, PhD, Study Director, Senior Research Scientist, 2150 Shattuck Ave., Ste. 900, Berkeley, CA 94704, 510.486.1111, fax: 510.644.0594, e-mail: maria@prev.org,
or
Robert Parker, PhD, Senior Research Scientist, Director, The Robert Presley Center for Crime and Justice Studies, College Bldg. South, University of California, Riverside, Riverside, CA 92521, 909.787.4604, fax: 909.787.7394, e-mail: robnp@aol.com

The Prevention Research Center examines the causes of alcohol-related problems, including the relationship between alcohol and youth violence.

Alaniz, M. "Alcohol outlet density and Mexican American youth violence." American Journal of Public Health (under review). Parker, R. N. with Linda-Anne Rebhun. Alcohol and Homicide: A Deadly Combination of Two American Traditions (Albany, NY: SUNY Press, 1995).

Louisiana State University School of Medicine
Richard Scribner, MD, MPH, Assistant Professor, Department of Public Health and Preventative Medicine, 1600 Canal St., 8th Floor, New Orleans, LA 70112, 504.568.6951, fax: 504.568.6905, e-mail: rscrib@nomvs.lsumc.edu,

Dr. Scribner has directed state, federal and privately funded alcohol research. His research has been used in California and Louisiana to influence policy decisions related to the availability of alcohol at the state and local levels.

Scribner, R. A., MacKinnon, D. P., Dwyer, J. H. "The risk of assaultive violence and alcohol availability in Los Angeles County." American Journal of Public Health 85, no. 3 (March 1995): 335-40.

California Department of Alcohol and Drug Programs
California Department of Health and Welfare Agency
Lynne Andersen, Deputy Director for External Affairs, 1700 K St., Sacramento, CA 95814, 916.323.1706, fax: 916.323.5873, California Department of Health and Welfare Agency

National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA)
Ann Bradley, Press Officer, Willco Bldg., 6000 Executive Blvd., Ste.409, Bethesda, MD 20892-7003, 301.443.0595, fax: 301.443.6077, e-mail: abradley@willco.nih.niaaa.gov, National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism

 

FAMILY VIOLENCE

Pacific Center for Violence Prevention
Michael Rodriguez, MD, MPH, Research Director, San Francisco General Hospital, 1001 Potrero Ave., Bldg. 1, Room 300, San Francisco, CA 94110, 415.285.1793, fax: 415.282.2563, e-mail: rodrigu@itsa.ucsf.edu, Pacific Center for Violence Prevention

Dr. Michael Rodriguez, Assistant Clinical Professor in the University of California, San Francisco (UCSF) Department of Family and Community Medicine and Director of Research for the Pacific Center for Violence Prevention, provides clinical care for patients, teaches residents and medical students, reviews and conducts research, works with community-based violence prevention programs and develops policy on violence prevention. His research has focused on improving the health care response to battered women and youth violence.

Rodriguez, M. A. "Domestic Violence." Western Journal of Medicine 161, no. 1 (July 1994): 60-61.

Rodriguez, M. A. "Violence and Latino Youth: Prevention and Methodological Issues." Public Health Reports 110, no. 3 (May/June 1995): 260-67.

Mooney, D. R., Rodriguez, M. A. "Enhancing the Dialogue in California about Mandatory Reporting by Healthcare Workers of Intimate Violence: Focus on the Patient Perspective." Hastings Women's Law Journal 7, no. 1 (1996): 1-27.

Johns Hopkins University School of Nursing
Jacquelyn Campbell, PhD, RN, FAAN, Director of Doctoral Program, 1830 E. Monument St., Rm. 448, Baltimore, MD 21205-2100, 410.955.2778, fax: 410.614.8285, e-mail: jccamp@welchlink.welch.jhu.edu,

Dr. Campbell studies the potential lethality in battering relationships. Her recent research shows that a woman's risk for homicide increases when she leaves the relationship or makes it clear that she's leaving it for good.

Campbell, Jacquelyn C., ed. Assessing dangerousness: violence by sexual offenders, batterers, and child abusers (Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, 1995).

Campbell, J. C. "Addressing battering during pregnancy: reducing low birth weight and ongoing abuse." Seminars in Perinatology 19, no. 4 (August 1995): 301-6.

Domestic Violence Restraining Order System (DVROS)
Valerie Fercho, Field Representative, Office of the Attorney General, Division of Law Enforcement, P.O. Box 903387, Sacramento, CA 94203-3870, 916.227.3732, fax: 916.227.3774,

DVROS is a statewide data base designed to store information identifying persons named as the subject of a restraining order involving domestic violence and civil harassment. As of January 1, 1997, the DVROS contained over 78,000 records with information regarding domestic violence restraining orders. Penal Code Section 12021(g) prohibits any person identified as the subject of a restraining order involving domestic violence or civil harassment from purchasing or receiving firearms. Since its implementation on February 4, 1991, DVROS information has been used to deny over 1,187 firearm purchases by persons who have domestic violence restraining orders filed against them.

 

ELDER ABUSE

National Center on Elder Abuse
Mary Flum, Research Analyst, 810 1st Street NE, Ste. 500, Washington, DC 20002, 202.682.2470, National Center on Elder Abuse

The National Center on Elder Abuse collects information about domestic elder abuse; performs research studies using data collected from agencies; analyzes state laws addressing elder abuse; provides agencies with assistance in improving their elder abuse information systems; and responds to inquiries about elder abuse from the public.

 

CHILD ABUSE

National Center on Child Abuse Prevention Research
Joy Byers, Director of communications, The National Committee to Prevent Child Abuse, 332 South Michigan Ave., Ste. 1600, Chicago, IL 60604, 312.663.3520, fax: 312.939.8962, e-mail: ncpca@childabuse.org, National Center on Child Abuse Prevention Research

Herbert Schreier, MD
Chief of Psychiatry, Children's Hospital Oakland, 747 52nd St., Oakland, CA 94609-1809, 510.428.3357

Dr. Schreier's areas of expertise include the neuro-cognitive and social aspects of anti-social or aggressive behavior in young children, the effects of major trauma (i.e. earthquakes, fires) on children and adolescents, cognitive bases for social ineptitude and Munchausen-by-proxy syndrome.

Schreier, H. A. and Libow, J. A. Hurting for love: Munchausen-by-proxy syndrome (NY: Guillford, 1993).

 

VIOLENCE AMONG YOUTH

Violence Prevention Research Group
Susan B. Sorenson, PhD, Professor in Residence, Director, UCLA School of Public Health, 10833 Le Conte Ave., Los Angeles, CA 90095-1772, 310.825.8749, fax: 310.794.1805, e-mail: sorenson@ucla.edu

Dr. Sorenson conducts research on violence in California, and she directs staff and graduate students in research.

Chu, L. D., Sorenson, S. B. "Trends in California homicide, 1970 to 1993." Western Journal of Medicine 165, no. 3 (September 1996): 119-25.

Sorenson, S. B., Upchurch, D. M., Shen, H. "Violence and injury in marital arguments: risk patterns and gender differences." American Journal of Public Health 86, no. 1 (January 1996): 35-40.

Sorenson, S. B., Richardson, B. A., Peterson, J. G. "Race/ethnicity patterns in the homicide of children in Los Angeles, 1980 through 1989." American Journal of Public Health 83, no. 5 (May 1993): 725-7.

RAND
Peter W. Greenwood, PhD, Director, Criminal Justice Program, 1700 Main Street, Santa Monica, CA 90407-2138, 310.393.0411, ext. 6321, fax: 310.451.7025, e-mail: peter_greenwood@rand.org, RAND

RAND has been studying criminal justice issues since the late 1960s. Its Criminal Justice Program, established in 1976, conducts research on various aspects of juvenile violence and crime.

Greenwood, P. W., Model, K. E., Rydell, C. P, Chiesa, J. Diverting Children from a Life of Crime: Measuring costs and benefits (Santa Monica, CA: RAND, 1996).

National Center for Injury Prevention and Control Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Mark L. Rosenberg, MD, MPP, Director, 4770 Buford Highway K02, Atlanta, GA 30341-3724, 770.488.4696, fax: 770.488.1670, e-mail: mlr3@cdc.gov, National Center for Injury Prevention and Control Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

The Center aims to reduce the morbidity and mortality associated with unintentional injuries such as those caused by motor vehicle crashes, falls, burns, drowning, poisonings and firearms, and intentional injuries resulting from suicide and interpersonal violence.

Rosenberg, M. L. "Prevention of family violence." Academic Medicine 70, no. 11 (November 1995): 989-92.

Mercy, J. A., Rosenberg, M. L., Powell, K. E., Broome, C. V., Roper, W. L. "Public health policy for preventing violence." Health Affairs 12, no. 4 (Winter 1993): 7-29.

Rosenberg, M. L., O'Carroll, P. W., Powell, K. E. "Let's be clear. Violence is a public health problem." Journal of the American Medical Association 267, no. 22 (June 1992): 3,071-2.

Oregon Social Learning Center
John B. Reid, PhD, Executive Director, Patricia Chamberlain, PhD, Clinical Director, 207 E. 5th Ave., Ste. 202, Eugene, OR 97401, 541.485.2711, fax: 541.485.7087, e-mail: johnr@oslc.org, Oregon Social Learning Center

The Oregon Social Learning Center is a nonprofit, independent research center located in Eugene/Springfield, Oregon. Its research focuses primarily on factors related to the family, peer group and school experience that contribute to healthy social adjustment in the home, school and the community during childhood, and the workplace, intimate relationships and parenthood during adulthood.

Chamberlain, P. and Resicky, J. "The effectiveness of family therapy in the treatment of adolescents with conduct disorders and delinquency," in W. Pinsof & L. Wynne (eds.), "The effectiveness of marital and family therapy" (special issue), Journal of Marital and Family Therapy 21, no. 4 (October 1995): 441-59.

Chamberlain, P. "Community-based residential treatment for adolescents with conduct disorder," in R. E. Kazdin & B. B. Lahey (eds.), Advances in clinical child psychology vol. 18 (New York: Plenum, 1996) 63-90.

California Safe Schools Assessment
Gail Evans, Program Specialist, Safe Schools and Violence Prevention Office, California Department of Education, 560 J Street, Ste. 260, Sacramento, CA 95814, 916.323.1025, fax: 916.323.6061, e-mail: gevans@cde.ca.gov

The California Safe Schools Assessment provides information on the incidence of school crime. California statute (Penal Code sections 628 et seq.) identifies the information required from schools and county-operated programs. Incidents of school crime are summarized and presented to the legislature annually.

 

COSTING OUT VIOLENCE

Institute for Health & Aging
Dorothy Rice, Professor Emerita, 3333 California St., Rm. 340, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94118, 415.476.2771, fax: 415.502.5208, e-mail: rice@itsa.ucsf.edu, Institute for Health and Aging

Dorothy P. Rice, ScD (Hon) is Professor Emerita, Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences, with joint appointments at the Institute for Health & Aging, University of California, San Francisco and at the Kaiser Permanente Medical Group, Division of Research, Oakland, California. Prof. Rice is former director of the National Center for Health Statistics and is the author of more than 170 published monographs, books, articles and book chapters on the economics of medical care, aging, chronic illness, disability, health statistics and various cost-of-illness studies, including costs of alcohol and drug abuse, mental illness, health effects of smoking, Alzheimer's Disease, AIDS and firearm injuries.

Rice, D. P., Max, W. "The high cost of injuries in the United States." (annotation) American Journal of Public Health 86, no. 1 (January 1996): 14-15.

Rice, D. P. "The Economic Cost of Alcohol Abuse and Alcohol Dependence: 1990." Alcohol Health & Research World 17, no. 1 (1993): 10-11.

National Public Services Research Institute
Ted Miller, PhD, Associate Director, 8201 Corporate Dr., Ste. 220, Landover, MD 20785, 301.731.9891, ext. 103, fax: 301.731.6649, e-mail: miller@pire.org

Dr. Miller has done extensive work on the costs of violence, including violence among youth, family violence, child abuse and neglect, drunk driving, gun violence comparisons between the U.S. and Canada, and incidents of violence crime, especially rape and child abuse.

Miller, T. and Cohen, M. "Costs of Gunshot and Cut/Stab Wounds in the United States, with Some Canadian Comparisons." Accident Analysis and Prevention (in press).

Cohen, M., Rossman, S., Miller, T. "The Costs and Consequences of Violent Behavior in the United States." Understanding and Preventing Violence 4, J. Roth and A. Reiss, eds. (Washington, DC: National Academy Press, 1994): 67-166.